React how to convert Class to Hooks tutorial

The Hooks are a functional component that simplify the use of React, and allow use to create some reusable component.

I have changed on my TodoList App a class to a Hooks

The React Class

class TodoListElementDelete extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.state = {
      index: 0,
      timer: 0,
      _timeoutRef: null
    };

    this.onClickUndoDelete = this.onClickUndoDelete.bind(this);
    
  }

  componentDidMount() {
    this.setState({
      index: this.props.index,
      timer: this.props.timer
    });
  }

  componentDidUpdate() {
    if (this.props.enable) {
      this.state._timeoutRef = setTimeout(() => {
        if (this.state.timer > 0) {
          this.setState({
            timer: this.state.timer - 1
          });
        } else {
          this.props.onEndTimerAction();
        }
      }, 1000);
    }
  }

  componentWillUnmount() {
    console.log("componentWillUnmount");
    clearTimeout(this.state._timeoutRef);
  }

  onClickUndoDelete() {
    clearTimeout(this.state._timeoutRef);
    this.setState({
      timer: this.props.timer
    });
    this.props.onClickUndoDelete();
  }

  render() {
    let classHideItem = this.props.enable ? "" : "hidden";
    return (
      <div className={"alert alert-danger " + classHideItem}>
        You want to undo the action? {this.state.timer}
        <button
          type="button"
          className="btn btn-warning"
          onClick={this.onClickUndoDelete}
        >
          Undo
        </button>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

React Hooks

I have changed a React Class with React Hooks:

  • timer managed with useState
  • _timeoutRef with useRef
  • ComponentDidMount, ComponentWillUnmount, ComponentDidUpdate with useEffect
const TodoListElementDelete = props => {
  const [timer, setTimer] = React.useState(props.timer);
  let _timeoutRef = React.useRef();

  function onClickUndoDelete() {
    clearTimeout(_timeoutRef.current);
    setTimer(props.timer);
    props.onClickUndoDelete();
  }

  React.useEffect(() => {
    if (props.enable) {
      _timeoutRef.current = setTimeout(() => {
        if (timer > 0) {
          setTimer(timer - 1);
        } else {
          props.onEndTimerAction();
        }
      }, 1000);
    }

    return () => clearTimeout(_timeoutRef.current);
  });

  return (
    <div className={`alert alert-danger ${props.enable ? "" : "hidden"}`}>
      You want to undo the action? {timer}
      <button
        type="button"
        className="btn btn-warning"
        onClick={onClickUndoDelete}
      >
        Undo
      </button>
    </div>
  );
};

1
Leave a Reply

avatar
1 Comment threads
0 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
1 Comment authors
Valentina Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
Valentina
Guest
Valentina

wow!